Interesting Reads

Which are 33 crore Gods in Hindu mythology?

Do you know Hindu religion has 33 crore Gods. Read about them!
Hinduism is dominant and oldest religion in the world. It is followed by majority population in India. There is a common belief widespread that Hindu culture has 33 koti or 33 crore Hindu Gods. What is the truth? Do Hinduism believe in 33 crore Gods? If YES, which are these?
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Hindu culture actually has 33 koti Gods. But the word ‘koti’ is often misinterpreted! Koti is widely used in both the languages, that is, Marathi and Sanskrit. In Marathi it means crore, and in Sanskrit, it means ‘category’. Sanskrit is the primary language of Hindu religion. Many Granthas (sacred texts), scripts, shlokas, mantras, and the epics Ramayana and Mahabharata are written in the Sanskrit language by the great Hindu scholars. Later, these were translated into the respective languages for better understanding.
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The idea behind 33 categories of Gods is that the Supreme God gave different deities a responsibility to take charge of managing an entire universe. According to Vedas, these deities are, 12 Adityas, 11 Rudras, 8 Vasus, 1 Supreme ruler Indra, and 1 Prajapati. 
12 Adityas
1. Indra (Leader)
2. Aryaman (Integrity)
3. Anshuman (Sharing)
4. Twashtar (Crafting)
5. Dhatri (Rituals skills)
6. Parjanya (authority of words)
7. Pushan/Ravi (success and wealth)
8. Bhaag (due inheritance)
9. Mitra (Friendship)
10. Varun (Fate)
11. Surya (social)
12. Vaman (cosmic rule)
11 Rudras
1. Manu
2. Manyu
3. Mahat
4. Shiv
5. Rutudhwaja
6. Manihas
7. Umrateras
8. Kaal
9. Vamdev
10. Bhav
11. Dhrut – Dhwaj
8 Vasus
1. Aap
2. Dhruva
3. Soma
4. Dhar
5. Anil
6. Anal
7. Pratyush
Interesting Reads

Gurumahatmya (Importance of Guru)

Do you know what is Gurumahatmya? Read importance of having Guru in Hinduism!

Every living being born on this earth craves for mukti (redemption). In Hinduism, Moksha or Mukti means freedom from the materialistic world and the cycle of death and rebirth. Hence, acquiring Mukti is an ultimate goal of every human being. This journey for Mukti is not easy and one has to pass through difficult phases to overcome virtuousness. Here The Guru plays an important role in showing the path.  In this world, if we wish to find an unknown destination, we seek help from somebody to reach the destination. Similarly Guru offers guidance on this eternal path. The Guru directs, accompanies us and entrusts safe journey to the goal. The Guru and The God are equally revered and honored. The Guru is the representative of God to enlighten the human race on the Earth. ‘Gu’ means darkness  and ‘Ru’ means removal, thus ‘Guru’ means one who helps in eliminating darkness in one’s life.  Guru imparts essential knowledge to sanctify the person to enable him to achieve the much desired goal.
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In our Indian culture, Guru – Shishya (Teacher – Student) tradition is old. The Guru has attained special importance, even prior to God. Some of the great Hindu Gurus include Sage Vyasa, Adi Shankaracharya etc. They have contributed immensely in rejuvenating Hindu culture. One has to relinquish selfish and derogatory attitude / behavior in search of true Guru.  Once the Guru is found, surrender completely with full dedication to obtain his eternal blessings.
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On yielding entirely to Guru, he takes charge of disciple’s welfare and provides him with suitable mantra necessary for his spiritual upliftment. Consistent chanting of Guru Mantras help in cleansing of mind. Evil thoughts are eliminated to improve the stability of mind, concentration and to enable him to digest knowledge. The Guru   will remove the ensuing hurdles, difficulties on the right path.

गुरुर्ब्रह्मा गुरुर्विष्णुः गुरुर्देवो महेश्वरः ।
गुरुसाक्षातपरंब्रह्म, तस्मैश्रीगुरवेनमः।
This Guru mantra is very effective and has an eternal spiritual meaning. Guru represents Lord Bramha (creation), Lord Vishnu (preservation), and Lord Shiva (transformation or destruction). Obeisance to such a Guru who imparts knowledge, maintains it and destroys the ignorance of the mind, will certainly enlighten the disciples to follow the path successfully. ‘Guru Purnima’ is thus celebrated to revere all the Gurus.